The Wizard of Oz is a musical film about a young Kansas girl cast into a fantasy world. Her efforts to return home are aided by three unusual companions. The Wizard of Oz is a American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Widely considered to be one of the greatest films in cinema  Production company‎: ‎Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. See Oz like you've never seen it before! When farm girl Dorothy Gale runs away from the evil Miss Gulch, she finds herself lost in a strange and wonderful new.


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The Making of a Movie Classic states that Mervyn LeRoy was under pressure to cast Temple, then the most popular child star, but at an unofficial audition, MGM musical mainstay Roger Edens listened to her sing and felt that an actress with a different style was needed; wizard of oz 50th anniversary documentary for the film suggested wizard of oz Temple, then years-old, was slightly too young for the part.

Newsreel footage is included in which Temple wisecracks, "There's no place like home", suggesting that she was being considered for the part at that time.

Actress Deanna Durbinwho was under contract to Universal Studioswas also considered for the part of Dorothy.

The Wizard of Oz ( film) - Wikiquote

Durbin, at the time, far exceeded Garland in film experience and fan base and both had co-starred in a two-reeler titled Every Sunday.

The film was most notable for exhibiting Durbin's operatic style of singing against Wizard of oz jazzier style.


Durbin was possibly passed over once it was decided to bring on Jaynes, also an operatic singer, to rival Garland's jazz in the aforementioned wizard of oz subplot of the film. Now unhappy with his role as the Tin Man reportedly claiming, wizard of oz not a tin performer; I'm fluid"Bolger convinced producer Mervyn LeRoy to recast him in the part he so desired.

Fields was originally chosen for the role of the Wizard, a role turned down by Ed Wynn as he thought the part was too small, but the studio ran out of patience after protracted haggling over Fields' fee; instead, another contract player, Frank Morganwas cast on September An extensive talent search produced over a hundred little people to play Munchkins; this meant that most of the film's Oz sequences would have to already be shot before work on the Munchkinland sequence could begin.

The Wizard of Oz

Meinhardt Raabewho played the wizard of oz, revealed in the documentary The Making of the Wizard of Oz that the MGM costume and wardrobe department, under the direction of designer Adrianhad to design over costumes for the Munchkin sequences.

Wizard of oz then had to photograph and catalog each Munchkin in his or her costume so that they could correctly apply the same costume and makeup each day of production. Gale Sondergaard was originally cast as the Wicked Witch. She became unhappy when the witch's persona shifted from sly and glamorous thought to emulate the wicked queen in Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs into the familiar "ugly hag".

She turned down the role and was replaced on October 10,just three days before filming started, by MGM contract player Wizard of oz Hamilton.

Sondergaard said in an interview for a bonus feature on the DVD that she had no regrets about turning down the part, and would go on to play a glamorous villain in Fox's version of Maurice Maeterlinck 's The Blue Bird in ; Margaret Hamilton played a role remarkably similar to the Wicked Witch in the Judy Garland film Babes in Arms According to Aljean Harmetz, the "gone-to-seed" wizard of oz worn by Morgan as the wizard was selected from a rack of coats purchased from a second-hand shop.

According to legend, Morgan later wizard of oz a label in the coat indicating it had once belonged to Baum, that Baum's widow confirmed this, and that the coat was eventually presented to her.

But Baum biographer Michael Patrick Hearn says the Baum family denies ever seeing the coat or knowing of the wizard of oz Hamilton considered it a concocted wizard of oz rumor.

Thorpe initially shot about two weeks of footage nine days in total involving Dorothy's first encounter with the Scarecrow, as well as a number of sequences in the Wicked Witch's castle, such as Dorothy's rescue which, though unreleased, comprises the only footage of Ebsen's Tin Man.

Ebsen replaced by Haley[ edit ] According to most sources, ten days into the shoot, Ebsen suffered a reaction to the aluminum powder makeup he wore. He was hospitalized in critical condition, and subsequently was forced to leave the wizard of oz in a later interview included on the DVD release of The Wizard of Ozhe recalled the studio heads appreciated the seriousness of his illness only after seeing him in wizard of oz hospital.

Filming halted while a replacement for him was found. His replacement, Jack Haleysimply assumed he had been fired.

During reorganization on the production, George Cukor temporarily took over, under LeRoy's guidance. Initially, the studio had made Garland wear a blond wig and heavy "baby-doll" makeup, and she played Dorothy in an exaggerated fashion; now, Cukor changed Garland's and Hamilton's makeup and costumes, and told Garland to "be herself".

This meant that all the scenes Garland and Hamilton had wizard of oz completed had to be discarded wizard of oz reshot.


The makeup used for Haley was quietly changed to an aluminum paste, with a layer of clown white greasepaint underneath to protect his skin; although it did not have the same dire effect on Haley, he did at one point suffer an eye infection from it.

At first thought to be lost for over seven decades, a recording of this original version was rediscovered in As director, Fleming chose not to wizard of oz the film from Cukor's creative realignment, as producer LeRoy had already pronounced his satisfaction with the new course the film was wizard of oz.

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Production on the bulk of the Technicolor sequences was a long and exhausting process that ran for over six months, from October to March Most of the cast worked six days a week and had to arrive as early as 4: Bolger later said that the frightening nature of the costumes prevented most of the Oz principals from eating in the studio commissary; [30] the toxicity of Hamilton's copper-based makeup forced her to eat a wizard of oz diet on shoot days.

All of the Oz wizard of oz were filmed in three-strip Technicolor.

In Hamilton's exit from Munchkinland, a concealed elevator was arranged to lower her below stage as fire and smoke erupted to dramatize and conceal her exit.

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