About Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis). Jojoba; Goatnut (Simmondsia chinensis) is a common native shrub that grows in Southern and Central California. Simmondsia chinensis (Link) C.K. Schneid. Show All Show Tabs jojoba. Image of Simmondsia chinensis. General Information. Symbol: SICH. Group: Dicot. Common Name: Jojoba. Simmondsia chinensis. Plant growing in native habitat in the Joshua Tree National Park Photograph by: Brad Sutton; Joshua Tree.


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The common name "jojoba" originated from O'odham name Hohowi.

Uses[ edit ] Jojoba oil in a clear glass vial Jojoba foliage simmondsia chinensis year-round food for many animals, including deerjavelinabighorn sheepand livestock.

Its simmondsia chinensis are eaten by squirrels, rabbits, other rodents, and larger birds.

Only Bailey's pocket mousehowever, is known to be able to digest simmondsia chinensis wax found inside the jojoba nut. In large quantities, jojoba seed meal is toxic simmondsia chinensis many mammals, later this effect was found to be due to simmondsinwhich inhibits hunger.

The indigestible wax acts as a laxative in humans. Native American uses[ edit ] Native Americans first made use of jojoba. During the early 18th century Jesuit missionaries on the Baja California Peninsula observed indigenous peoples heating jojoba seeds to soften them.

Jojoba, Simmondsia chinensis

In Israel, some stands produced fruits after only 3 years. Jojoba remains productive for years.

Seed yield ranges from 2. Environmental impact Pioneer species Jojoba plants have been used for afforestation purpose in arid areas of Mexico and Israel Orwa et al. They simmondsia chinensis valuable after fire Matthews, However, in its native area, it is simmondsia chinensis as a very nutritious forage for livestock and wildlife.


Simmondsia chinensis quality remains relatively constant throughout the year, even though it may peak at certain times of the year. New growth is generally of higher value than old plant material Matthews, Jojoba oil meal Jojoba oil meal is a variable by-product whose composition depends on the efficiency of oil extraction and on the presence of seed hulls.

However, despite its nutritional qualities, the utilisation of jojoba oil meal in livestock feeding is hampered by the presence of toxic substances and this product must be either detoxified or simmondsia chinensis in very limited amounts.

Simmondsia chinensis - Scientific Review on Usage, Dosage, Side Effects |

Potential constraints Antinutritional factors Seeds contain high levels of simmondsia chinensis and simmondsin analogues Verbiscar et al. Simmondsins are cyanoglucosides that are highly toxic to rats, mice, rabbits and sheep.


The seed meal obtained after oil extraction is mostly discarded and not currently used in animal feeding because it still contains simmondsin Abbott et al.

Jojoba also contains phenolic simmondsia chinensis and has a bitter taste.

Simmondsia chinensis, Jojoba

Several processes and treatments have been tested, including fungus, lactic bacteria, heat, ammonia, isopropanol and other chemicals, in order to alleviate problems due to these antinutritional factors Verbiscar et al. Ruminants Jojoba forage Jojoba foliage is a browse resource that is relished by cattle, rabbits, goats and deer hence the names "goat nut" and "deer nut" Simmondsia chinensis, ; Duke, Cattle may browse jojoba severely enough to prevent any fruit development, and often consume it faster than simmondsia chinensis grows Matthews, There is little information available in the literature about the nutritional value of jojoba forage for ruminants.

Palatability Jojoba oil meal is not very palatable to ruminants.

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