: Poetria Nova (Mediaeval Sources in Translation) : Geoffrey of Vinsauf, Margaret F. Nims, Martin Camargo: Books. Geoffrey of Vinsauf (fl. ) is a representative of the early medieval grammarian movement, The Poetria nova is a 2,line poem written around in Latin hexameters and dedicated to Pope Innocent III. The Poetria nova aimed to  ‎Biography · ‎Works and Bibliography · ‎The Poetria nova · ‎Influence. The Poetria nova, written by the Englishman Geoffrey of Vinsauf shortly after , was the most influential medieval treatise on rhetorical poetics. Modeled on.


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This imbalance in poetria nova limits our understanding of his ideas and the appeal they held for medieval poets.

Geoffrey of Vinsauf, Poetria nova, CA. 1208–1213

Poetria nova study, therefore, focuses on two images in the section on ornatus graves, or weighty ornamentation, poetria nova category of figures defined by its reliance on transumptio. In describing its moving effects, Geoffrey uses the imagery of a pilgrimage peregrinatio and of a "clear cloud" nubes serena.


Both help him explain how transumptive language at first displaces or hides meaning beneath something that is deceptively ordinary. When that meaning becomes clear to the reader, however, the recognition can be delightful, intoxicating, or poetria nova wondrously transporting.

Poetria nova

The images are not original to Geoffrey, nor are they drawn from the discourse of formal rhetoric. Rather, peregrinatio and the nubes serena have a rich history in liturgical drama, biblical commentary, and iconography where they signify a kind of spiritual transport poetria nova similar to Geoffrey's conception of transumptio in terms of process and quality.

However, two of the central parts of the Poetria nova - Invention of subject matter and disposition or organization of the work - belong to the domain of rhetoric.

Likewise, poetria nova and delivery are traditionally affiliated with rhetoric. The Poetria nova thus constitutes an intersection of grammar and rhetoric in the medieval curriculum. The Poetria nova opens with a famous passage about planning a poem and defining the limits of its subject matter.

Geoffrey of Vinsauf distinguishes between the natural order and the artificial or artistic order in which the author can narrate the events. Geoffrey of Vinsauf prefers the artificial order and recommends a proverbial opening.

The subject matter can be presented either through a lengthy treatment or a brief recapitulation of poetria nova story.

Poetria Nova (Biblioteca Euphrosyne)

Among the methods of amplification are refining or dwelling on a point; periphrasis ; comparison; apostrophe ; prosopopeia ; digression ; description; and poetria nova.

Brevity of poetria nova narration can be achieved by the following devices: Gravitas can be achieved by using the ten tropes listed in the pseudo-Ciceronian Rhetorica ad Herennium.

Poetria nova chief trope is metaphor. The ornatus levis includes the figures of diction and of thought given in the Rhetorica ad Herennium.

These poetria nova are for the most part poetria nova. The doctrine of conversion is a systematic method of varying a given sentence while preserving its meaning to make the sequence of words pleasant. The doctrine of determination consists primarily of creating a long sequence of brief phrases.

Geoffrey of Vinsauf - Wikipedia

This poetria nova the method and the manner of Sidonius. The contrary practice is that of Seneca: Geoffrey of Vinsauf, however, prefers to be "neither as long, nor as short, rather both long and short, being made both out of neither".

The remaining doctrines are treated very briefly. Words should be carefully chosen to keep the poetria nova of meaning and form.

The characters' actions and their speeches should be appropriate for their age, and the overall color should poetria nova in harmony with the subject. Excessive alliterationawkward violation of word order, and overly long periods are stylistic faults to be avoided.

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To polish his work an author has poetria nova apply "first the mind, second the ear, and third and last, that which should conclude the matter - usage". Only delight poetria nova memory.

In delivery, one must follow the sense imitating in a controlled manner the emotions called for by the subject. Geoffrey of Vinsauf concludes his treatise with the observation that "power comes from speech, since life and death rest in its hands; however, language may perchance be aided, in moderation, by both expression and gesture".

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