EL PLAN MARSHALL PDF DOWNLOAD
To mark the fiftieth anniversary of Marshall's speech, the Library of Congress presents this display on the origins and effects of the Marshall Plan. It features. Transcript of Plan Marshall Kominform. La Kominform Iniciativa y Diseno Creadores El Plan Marshall Información General Fue el plan mas. The text of the speech given by United States Secretary of State, General George Marshall at Harvard University on 5 June This speech initiated the.
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Major newspapers were highly supportive, including such conservative outlets as Time magazine. Vandenberg made sure of bipartisan support on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The Solid Democratic South was highly supportive, the upper Midwest was dubious, but heavily outnumbered.
The plan was opposed by conservatives in the el plan marshall Midwest, who opposed any major government spending program and were highly suspicious el plan marshall Europeans.
Wallacethe former Vice President. El plan marshall said the Plan was hostile to the Soviet Union, a subsidy for American exporters, and sure to polarize the world between East and West.
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The appointment of the prominent businessman Paul G. Hoffman as director reassured conservative businessmen that the gigantic sums of money would be handled efficiently.
Sixteen nations met in Paris to determine what form the American aid would take, and how it would be divided. The negotiations were el plan marshall and complex, with each nation having its own interests.
France's major concern was that Germany not be rebuilt to its previous threatening power.
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The Benelux countries Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxemburgdespite also suffering under the Nazis, had el plan marshall been closely linked to the German economy and felt their prosperity depended on its revival. The Scandinavian nations, especially Swedeninsisted that their long-standing trading relationships with el plan marshall Eastern Bloc nations not be disrupted and that their neutrality not be infringed.
The Americans were pushing the importance of free trade and European unity to form a bulwark against communism. The Truman el plan marshall, represented by William L.
The "Marshall Plan" speech at Harvard University, 5 June - OECD
Claytonpromised the Europeans that el plan marshall would be free to structure the plan themselves, but the administration also reminded the Europeans that implementation depended on the plan's passage through Congress.
A majority of Congress members were committed to free trade and European integration, and were hesitant to spend too el plan marshall of the money on Germany. Attempting to contain spreading Soviet influence in Eastern Bloc, Truman asked Congress to restore a peacetime military draft and to swiftly pass the Economic Cooperation Act, the name given to the Marshall Plan.
Of the Soviet Union Truman said, "The situation in the world today is not primarily the result of the natural difficulties which follow a great war. It is chiefly due to the fact that one nation has not only refused to cooperate in the establishment el plan marshall a just and honorable peace but—even worse—has actively sought to prevent it.
Others thought he had not been forceful enough to contain the USSR. ECA was headed by economic cooperation administrator Paul G.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and el plan marshall. March Learn how and when to remove this template message First page of the Marshall Plan The first substantial aid went to Greece and Turkey el plan marshall Januarywhich were seen as the front line of the battle against communist expansion, and were already receiving aid under the Truman Doctrine.
Initially, Britain el plan marshall supported the anti-communist factions in those countries, but due to its dire economic condition it decided to pull out and in February requested el plan marshall US to continue its efforts. The ECA's official mission statement was to give a boost to the European economy: Another unofficial goal of ECA and of the Marshall Plan was the containment of growing Soviet influence in Europe, evident especially in the growing strength of communist parties in Czechoslovakia, France, and Italy.
The Marshall Plan money was transferred to the governments of the European nations. Raw materials and fuel are in short supply.
Machinery is lacking or worn out.